Hebe de Bonafini was an activist from Argentina and one of the founding members of the Association of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, a group of mothers from Argentina whose sons vanished during Jorge Rafael Videla’s military dictatorship’s National Reorganization Process (1976–1983).
A 93-year-old human rights advocate who galvanized the families of those who went missing during Argentina’s Dirty War has passed away.
A 93-year-old Argentine woman who became an activist for human rights after her two sons were detained and abducted during the military dictatorship in her nation has passed away. According to local authorities, Hebe de Bonafini had been hospitalized in the city of La Planta due to an unidentified chronic condition.
Alejandra, her only surviving child, expressed gratitude for the outpouring of support her mother got while receiving treatment in the hospital. Two years later, she was elected group president, and until her death, she oversaw the more extreme of the organization’s two sections.
Her daughter Alegandra,
“These are very difficult moments of deep sadness, and we understand the love people have for Hebe.
In her position as the Mothers Association’s president starting in 1979, Bonafini advocated for human rights both in Argentina and internationally, earning her notoriety on a global scale. In 1999, she was awarded the UNESCO Prize for Peace Education.
Bonafini requested a prompt explanation of every forced abduction, including the disappearance of her boys, and adopted the rallying cry “Aparición con vida” (Make them appear alive). She planned a March of Resistance down the Avenida de Mayo on December 10, 1982, during a period of easing restrictions.
Plaza de Mayo
The organization marched outside the Plaza de Mayo, which bears its name, for the first time during this event, and it was also joined for the first time by sizable throngs of supporters. After the transition to a civilian administration in 1983, disagreements within the organization arose over President Ral Alfonsin’s excessively cautious approach to punishing those responsible for the Dirty War.
The 1985 Trial of the Juntas was formed by Alfonsin, but Bonafini was further enraged by the decision to confine the proceedings to nine prominent military junta members and the acquittals of five of them because he thought the president would postpone future charges out of political motives.
In 1986, the Mothers Association was divided into two organizations with around 2,000 members each: the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo — Founding Line and Bonafini’s Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo Association. Since he chose to defend the guerilla tactics used under the dictatorship, Bonafini was often associated with the more extreme group.
The organization also oversees Sueos Compartidos (“Shared Dreams”), a nationally financed housing initiative that, as of 2008, has supervised the building of nearly 2,600 housing units for slum dwellers. In six provinces, the City of Buenos Aires, and various additional facilities, Sueos Compartidos had finished 5,600 dwelling units by 2011.
When a rumored case of embezzlement involving Sueos Compartidos’ chief financial officer, Sergio Schoklender, and his brother Pablo (the firm’s attorney), emerged, it put the organization’s expanding budgets, which totaled about US$300 million allocated between 2008 and 2011 (of which $190 million had been spent), under scrutiny and caused a national controversy.
The Schoklender brothers, who were sentenced to fifteen years in prison after being found guilty of killing their parents in 1981, had won Bonafini’s trust and were in charge of the project’s finances with little interference from the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo or the program’s licensee, the Secretary of Public Works.
However, their relationship came to an end in June 2011 after Bonafini learned that they had handled the group’s funds improperly. The Sueos Compartidos contract was terminated by the Secretary of Public Works in August as a result of an inquiry mandated by Federal Judge Norberto Oyarbide, and the remaining projects were sent to the Undersecretary of Housing and Urban Development.
International Monetary Fund
In favor of individuals like Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Augusto Sandino, Yasser Arafat, Hugo Chavez, Evo Morales, and the mothers of ETA prisoners, Bonafini spoke. She proclaimed her opposition to the International Monetary Fund, capitalism, social democracy, and neo-liberalism.
She also criticized the demonstrators from Bolivia who camped out in Plaza de Mayo, calling them “s**tty,” and she advocated for a military takeover of the Supreme Court in response to the ongoing delays in the implementation of the Audiovisual Media Law.
About Her net worth and Early Life
Hebe de Bonafini’s net worth or income is estimated to be between $1 million and $5 million.
Hebe de Bonafini was born in Ensenada, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina on December 4, 1928. She holds an Argentine Nationality and she belongs to the white ethnicity. His zodiac sign is Sagittarius.
Hebe de Bonafini’s daughter is Alejandra.